1998 Health Survey Results


The purpose of the survey, conducted between March 24, 1998 and May 31, 1998, was to try to determine the most common problems affecting the Pug as a breed. No one was required to divulge their name or e-mail address, or to identify the dogs. Owners were encouraged to submit a form for all the Pugs owned by them, whether they had problems or not.

The percentages presented here are from the total number of displaying the specific condition.

General Information Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Male 103 47.0% 36 41.9% 38 42.7% 4 30.8% 25 80.6%
Female 116 53.0% 50 58.1% 51 57.3% 9 69.2% 6 19.4%
Fawn 175 79.9% 73 84.9% 71 79.8% 9 69.2% 22 71.0%
Black 44 20.1% 13 15.1% 18 20.2% 4 30.8% 9 29.0%
Total219


Immune System Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Allergies 40 18.3% 8 9.3% 20 22.5% 5 38.5% 7 22.6%
Demodectic mange 40 18.3% 18 20.9% 17 19.1% 2 15.4% 3 9.7%
Hypothyroidism 4 1.8% 0 0.0% 1 1.1% 2 15.4% 1 3.2%
Vaccination reaction 35 16.0% 15 17.4% 17 19.1% 1 7.7% 2 6.5%


Orthopedics Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Cervical disc disease 3 1.4% 1 1.2% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 2 6.5%
Hemivertebrae 4 1.8% 2 2.3% 1 1.1% 0 0.0% 1 3.2%
Hip dysplasia 14 6.4% 5 5.8% 3 3.4% 1 7.7% 5 16.1%
Legg-Perthes disease 1 0.5% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 7.7% 0 0.0%
Patella luxation 22 10.0% 8 9.3% 9 10.1% 2 15.4% 3 9.7%


Eyes Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Corneal ulcer, superficial 35 16.0% 14 16.3% 12 13.5% 4 30.8% 5 16.1%
Distichiasis and Ectopic Cilia 10 4.6% 4 4.7% 4 4.5% 1 7.7% 1 3.2%
Dry eye 22 10.0% 9 10.5% 4 4.5% 2 15.4% 7 22.6%
Entropion 21 9.6% 9 10.5% 7 7.9% 2 15.4% 3 9.7%
Exposure keratopathy syndrome 17 7.8% 8 9.3% 7 7.9% 2 15.4% 0 0.0%
Pannus 1 0.5% 1 1.2% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Pigmentary keratitis 38 17.4% 11 12.8% 15 16.9% 4 30.8% 8 25.8%
Ulcerative keratitis 4 1.8% 1 1.2% 2 2.2% 1 7.7% 0 0.0%


Respiratory system Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Collapsed trachea 9 4.1% 1 1.2% 5 5.6% 2 15.4% 1 3.2%
Elongated soft palate 23 10.5% 8 9.3% 9 10.1% 2 15.4% 4 12.9%
Stenotic nares 20 9.1% 7 8.1% 9 10.1% 1 7.7% 3 9.7%
Syncope 7 3.2% 5 5.8% 0 0.0% 2 15.4% 0 0.0%


Mouth Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Hanging tongue 18 8.2% 5 5.8% 6 6.7% 4 30.8% 3 9.7%
Severely undershot jaw 6 2.7% 2 2.3% 1 1.1% 1 7.7% 2 6.5%
Wry mouth 12 5.5% 0 0.0% 3 3.4% 3 23.1% 6 19.4%


Reproductive system Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Monorchid/chryptorchid 10 4.6% 5 5.8% 3 3.4% 0 0.0% 2 6.5%
Umbilical hernia 15 6.8% 4 4.7% 11 12.4% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Dystocia 8 3.7% 7 8.1% 1 1.1% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Vaginal hyperplasia 3 1.4% 2 2.3% 1 1.1% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%


Other Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Cystitis and cystic calculi 19 8.7% 7 8.1% 9 10.1% 2 15.4% 1 3.2%
Diabetes 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Hepatic portosystemic shunt 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Mastocytoma 6 2.7% 1 1.2% 1 1.1% 4 30.8% 0 0.0%
Encephalitis 1 0.5% 0 0.0% 1 1.1% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Epilepsy 7 3.2% 4 4.7% 2 2.2% 1 7.7% 0 0.0%


Testing Show breeder Other breeder Petshop Rescue
Number of respondents 86 39.3% 89 40.6% 13 5.9% 31 14.2%
Have the Pug's hips been x-rayed? 40 18.3% 17 19.8% 14 15.7% 2 15.4% 7 22.6%
If yes, have the x-rays been submitted to a registry for evaluation? 10 4.6% 6 7.0% 3 3.4% 0 0.0% 1 3.2%
Have the Pug's knees been checked by a vet? 125 57.1% 57 66.3% 50 56.2% 7 53.8% 11 35.5%
If yes, have the knees been certified? * * * * * * * * * *
Have the Pug's eyes been examined by an ophthalmologist? 84 38.4% 40 46.5% 26 29.2% 5 38.5% 13 41.9%
If yes, has the exam form been submitted to an eye registry 13 5.9% 5 5.8% 5 5.6% 0 0.0% 3 9.7%

* Unfortunately there was an error in the setup of the form which resulted in my receiving a 'Yes' response to this question, regardless of which button was ticked off. Consequently, my figures are inaccurate and meaningless.